Bioplastics are a particular type of plastic material, derived from renewable, biodegradable and recyclable raw materials. Their decomposition time depends mainly on the materials they are made from, but it is still a great achievement if compared to the huge amount of time required by synthetic plastics derived from petroleum.
The applications of bioplastics are also wide‐ranging. Companies interested in this type of material are automobile ones (Mazda, Mitsubishi and Ford) for the interior design of vehicles, cables and coatings, and those in the agricultural and textile sector.
There are many types of bioplastics on the market, which are classified according to the material they are made from, such as:
- food crops (corn starch, wheat and potatoes);
- biodegradable bioplastics for Industrial Plastic Applications made using sugar;
- cellulose based;
- made using tomatoes and bananas processing residues.
Bioplastics have many advantages, beside those already mentioned, as biodegradability and recycling. They have lower toxic fumes emissions in case of incineration, lower waste management costs and can be used in food packaging.
In order to guarantee a bright future for this environmentally sustainable solution, everyone’s collaboration is required. Citizens are expected to dispose of bioplastics properly and companies need to make sure they are collected in proper composting systems.